Tennis is a global sport that can be played across any age group and any skill level. It is reported that over 200 countries participate in tennis and are affiliated with the International Tennis Federation.
The most common type of injuries that occur in tennis tend to be acute over chronic. If it is an acute injury, it is more likely to be in the lower limb, a chronic condition is more often seen in the upper limb. And unfortunately, as we age the risk of injury steadily increases.
These injuries are often due to overload and or poor conditioning of the stabilising rotator cuff muscles. If the stabilising muscles are overloaded and not working optimally, it can cause the head of the humerus to shift and cause irritation. This can cause pain with arm movements especially with serving and backhand. Treatment usually requires strengthening of the rotator cuff muscles as well as improving technique to offload painful structures.
The most common muscles strains that are seen are lower limb, especially calf strains. This is often because tennis requires short sharp movements with quick acceleration causing the muscle fibres to be activated strongly and quickly. A thorough warm up prior to training and matches as well as an ongoing strengthening program can decrease the risk of this type of injury. Proper rehabilitation following a muscle strain will help get you back to tennis quicker and in better condition than no rehab.
Acute Ankle Injuries
Again, these are seen because of the short sharp movements that are required in tennis. Ankle injuries are common in tennis with change of direction but can also happen in the training scenario while stepping on a ball. Once you have sprained your ankle it is more likely to happen again and so it is important to complete proper rehabilitation to reduce risk of re-injury. Treatment will be aimed improving your ankle range of motion and improving your strength and balance to return it to it’s previous state.
If you are interested in booking an appointment with a local Sports Physiotherapist with a special interest in Tennis Injuries, please book online here or call your nearest Melbourne Sports Physiotherapy clinic.
British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2006 - Tennis Injuries: occurrence, aetiology, and prevention